An Introduction to Microbiology Objective Question

1. Microbiology stands in partnership with which of the following biological sciences?

  • a) Biotechnology and Botany
  • b) Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
  • c) Aquatic Biology and Zoology
  • d) Botany and Zoology

2. Microbiology is concerned with which of the aspects of microorganisms?

  • a) Nutrition
  • b) Reproduction
  • c) Heredity
  • d) All of the above

3. Microorganisms have the ability to cause __ changes in the environment:

  • a) Environmental
  • b) Physical and Chemical
  • c) Electrical and Chemical
  • d) Ecological

4. The subviral entities which belong to the group of microorganisms are:

  • a) Viroids and Bacteria
  • b) Fungi and Prions
  • c) Viroids and Prions
  • d) Bacteria and Algae

5. __ is made with the help of yeasts that ferment sugar and carbonate the dough before it is baked:

  • a) Biscuits
  • b) Bread
  • c) Cookies
  • d) Cheese

6. “Strep” throat bacterial pneumonia, gonorrhea and syphilis are bacterial disease that can be cured by:

  • a) Sulpha drugs
  • b) Antibiotics
  • c) Quaternary ammonium compounds
  • d) None of the above

7. Cheese, Yogurt and Sour cream require presence of microorganisms that __ the milk:

  • a) Sour
  • b) Ripen
  • c) Sweeten
  • d) Rancidify

8. Microbes present in waste disposal system have a responsibility of:

  • a) Recycling the essential elements in nature
  • b) Increasing soil fertility
  • c) Both a and b
  • d) None of the above

9. Microbes play an important role in obtaining biofuels like:

  • a) Biogas
  • b) Hydrogen
  • c) Gasohol
  • d) All of the above

10. Match A and B:

AB
(a) Hormone insulin
(b) Tissue plasminogen activator
(c) Antiviral agent – Interferon
(d) Human growth factors
(1) For treatment of cancer and disease caused by virus
(2) For treatment of diabetes
(3) To increase bone growth
(4) For treating heart attack victims
  • a) (a) → (2), (b) → (4), (c) → (1), (d) → (3)
  • b) (a) → (2), (b) → (1), (c) → (3), (d) → (4)
  • c) (a) → (3), (b) → (1), (c) → (2), (d) → (4)
  • d) (a) → (3), (b) → (2), (c) → (1), (d) → (4)

11. Match A and B:

AB
(a) Microorganisms cause disease in humans
(b) Microorganisms cause disease in plants
(c) Microorganisms cause disease in animals
(1) Burucellosis, Tularemia, Rabies
(2) Legionnaires disease, Herpes, Dermatomycoses
(3) Mildew, Rusts, Smuts, Canker
  • a) (a) → (2), (b) → (3), (c) → (1)
  • b) (a) → (2), (b) → (1), (c) → (3)
  • c) (a) → (3), (b) → (1), (c) → (2)
  • d) (a) → (3), (b) → (2), (c) → (1)

12. Microorganisms play a profound role in:

  • a) Warfare
  • b) Religion
  • c) Migration of population
  • d) All of the above

13. “The role of infinitely small is infinitely large” was the statement given by __ to recognize the tremendous potential of microbes:

  • a) Louis Pasteur
  • b) Lazzaro Spallanzani
  • c) Theodore Schwann
  • d) John Needham

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